Gary T. Schwartz Distinguished Professor of Law
B.S. UCLA, 1983
J.D. UCLA, 1992
J.D. UCLA, 1992
UCLA Law faculty since 1994
Academic Legal Writing: Law Review Articles, Student Notes, Seminar Papers, and Getting on Law Review. 5th ed. Foundation Press (2016). Book Info
The First Amendment and Related Statutes: Law, Cases, Problems and Policy Arguments. 6th ed. Foundation Press (2016). Teacher's Manual to 5th Edition, 2015. Book Info
Academic Legal Writing: Law Review Articles, Student Notes, and Seminar Papers. 4th ed. Foundation Press (2010). Japanese translation published 2009. Article Link
The Religion Clauses and Related Statutes: Law, Cases, Problems, and Policy Arguments. Foundation Press (2006).
Articles and Chapters
The New Taboo: Quoting Epithets in the Classroom and Beyond (with Randall Kennedy), 49 Capital University Law Review 1 (2021). Full Text
Anti-Libel Injunctions, 168 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 73 (2019). Full Text
Chief Justice Robots, 68 Duke Law Journal 1135 (2019).
The Law of Compelled Speech, 97 Texas Law Review 355 (2018).
Compelled Subsidies and the First Amendment (with William Baude), 132 Harvard Law Review 171 (2018). Full Text
Law, Virtual Reality, and Augmented Reality (with Mark Lemley), 166 The University of Pennsylvania Law Review 1051 (2018). Full Text
The Real Law of Virtual Reality (with Mark Lemley), 51 UC Davis Law Review 51 (2017). Full Text
The Freedom of Speech and Bad Purposes, 63 UCLA Law Review 1366 (2016). Full Text
The 'Speech Integral to Criminal Conduct' Exception, 101 Cornell Law Review 981 (2016). Full Text
How First Amendment Procedures Protect First Amendment Substance (with Erik S. Jaffe, Aaron H. Caplan, Robert A. Destro, Todd P. Graves, Alan B. Morrison and David R. Stras), 65 Catholic University Law Review 185 (2015). Full Text
Gruesome Speech, 100 Cornell Law Review 901 (2015). Full Text
Textualism and District of Columbia v. Heller, 37 Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 729 (2014). Full Text
Tort Law vs. Privacy, 114 Columbia Law Review 879 (2014). Full Text
Religious Law (Especially Islamic Law) in American Courts, 66 Oklahoma Law Review 431 (2014). Full Text
Foreign Law in American Courts, 66 Oklahoma Law Review 219 (2014). Full Text
Amicus Curiae Brief: Elane Photography, LLC v. Willock, 8 NYU Journal of Law & Liberty 116 (2013). Full Text
One-to-One Speech vs. One-to-Many Speech, Criminal Harassment Laws, and "Cyberstalking", 107 Northwestern University Law Review 731 (2013). Full Text
Freedom for the Press as an Industry, or for the Press as a Technology? From the Framing to Today, 160 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 469 (2012). Full Text
First Amendment Protection for Search Engine Search Results (with Donald M. Falk), 8 Journal of Law, Economics & Policy 883 (2012). (White Paper commissioned by Google.) Full Text
Private Employees' Speech and Political Activity: Statutory Protection Against Employer Retaliation, 16 Texas Review of Law & Politics (2012). Full Text
The Trouble with the “Public Discourse” Test as a Limitation on Free Speech Rights, 97 Virginia Law Review 567 (2011). Full Text
Speech Restrictions That Don't Much Affect the Autonomy of Speakers, 27 Constitutional Commentary 347 (2011).
In Defense of the Marketplace of Ideas/Search for Truth as a Theory of Free Speech Protection, 97 Virginia Law Review 595 (2011). Full Text
Older Minors, the Right to Keep and Bear (Almost Entirely) Nonlethal Arms, and the Right to Defend Life, 43 Arizona State Law Journal 447 (2011). Full Text
Tort Liability and the Original Meaning of the Freedom of Speech, Press, and Petition, 96 Iowa Law Review 249 (2010). Full Text
Amicus Curiae Brief: Boundaries of the First Amendment’ “False Statements of Fact” Exception, 6 Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties 343 (2010). Full Text
The Future of Books Related to the Law?, 108 Michigan Law Review 823 (2010). Full Text
Freedom of Speech and the Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress Tort, 2010 Cardozo Law Review de novo 300 (2010). Full Text
Correcting Students’ Usage Errors Without Making Errors of Our Own, 58 Journal of Legal Education 534 (2009). Full Text
Nonlethal Self-Defense, (Almost Entirely) Nonlethal Weapons, and the Rights To Keep and Bear Arms and Defend Life, 62(1) Stanford Law Review 199 (2009). Full Text
The First and Second Amendments, 109 Columbia Law Review Sidebar 97 (2009). Full Text
Symbolic Expression and the Original Meaning of the First Amendment, 97 Georgetown Law Journal 1057 (2009). Full Text
Implementing the Right To Keep and Bear Arms for Self-Defense: An Analytical Framework and a Research Agenda, 56 UCLA Law Review 1443 (2009). Full Text
Thomas Cooper, Early American Public Intellectual, 4 NYU Journal of Law & Liberty 372 (2009). Full Text
Elizabeth Ryland Priestley, Early American Author on Free Speech, 4 NYU Journal of Law & Liberty 382 (2009). Full Text
“Necessary to the Security of a Free State”, 83 Notre Dame Law Review 1 (2007). Full Text
State Constitutional Rights of Self-Defense and Defense of Property, 11 Texas Review of Law & Politics 399 (2007). Full Text
Medical Self-Defense, Prohibited Experimental Therapies, and Payment for Organs, 120 Harvard Law Review 1813 (2007). Featured in The 7th Annual Year In Ideas, N.Y. Times, Dec. 9, 2007 (under Right to Medical Self Defense, The), and reprinted in Right of Private Defense: Expanding Horizons 96 (P. Satyanarayana Prasad ed., The Icfai University Press [Hyderabad, India] 2008). Full Text
Scholarship, Blogging, and Trade-Offs: On Discovering, Disseminating, and Doing, Washington University Law Review (2007). Full Text
State Constitutional Rights to Keep and Bear Arms, 11 Texas Review of Law & Politics 191 (2006). Originally published in The Political Junkie Handbook (edited by Michael Crane, 2004). Full Text
Freedom of Expressive Association and Government Subsidies, 81 Stanford Law Review 1919 (2006). Full Text
Law Reviews, the Internet, and Preventing and Correcting Errors, 116 Yale Law Journal Pocket Part 4 (Sept. 6, 2006). Full Text
Parent-Child Speech and Child Custody Speech Restrictions, 81 NYU Law Review 1155 (2006). Full Text
Same-Sex Marriage and Slippery Slopes, 33 Hofstra Law Review 1155 (2006). Full Text
Freedom of Speech and of the Press, in The Heritage Guide to the Constitution 311 (edited by Edwin Meese III and Matthew Spalding, Regnery Publishing, 2005).
Speech as Conduct: Generally Applicable Laws, Illegal Courses of Conduct, "Situation-Altering Utterances," and the Uncharted Zones, 90 Cornell Law Review 1277 (2005). Reprinted in First Amendment Law Handbook 314 (Rodney A. Smolla ed. 2005-06). Full Text
Deterring Speech: When Is It "McCarthyism"? When Is It Proper?, 93 California Law Review 1413 (2005). Full Text
Crime-Facilitating Speech, 57 Stanford Law Review 1095 (2005). (Shorter Text, recommended) | Full Text
Crime Severity and Constitutional Line-Drawing, 90 Virginia Law Review 1957 (2004). Full Text
The Trojan Doctrine: Trademarks and the Law of the Horse, 8 Texas Review of Law & Politics 259 (2004). Full Text
Amicus Brief of Michael Crichton [Larry David, Jeremiah Healy, Elmore Leonard, Harry Shearer, Ron Shelton, Scott Turow, Paul Weitz, and the Authors Guild, Inc.] in McFarlane v. Twist, 11 UCLA Entertainment Law Review 1 (2004). Full Text
Pragmatism vs. Ideology in Free Speech Cases, 99 Northwestern Univ. Law Review 33 (2004).
The Mechanisms of the Slippery Slope, 116 Harvard Law Review (2003). HTML version | Shorter PDF version, recommended | 10-page version co-written with Ward Farnsworth as chapter in Farnsworth's The Legal Analyst | Full Text
Freedom of Speech and Intellectual Property: Some Thoughts After Eldred, 44 Liquormart, and Bartnicki, 40 Houston Law Review 697 (2003). Reprinted in 3 The ICFAI Journal of International Business Law 47 (2004). (Hyderabad, India) Full Text
Freedom of Speech and the Right of Publicity, 40 Houston Law Review 903 (2003). Full Text
Why Buckley v. Valeo Is Basically Right, 34 Arizona State Law Journal 1095 (2003). PDF Version | Full Text
Racial and Ethnic Classifications in American Law, in Beyond the Color Line: New Perpsectives on Race and Ethnicity in America 309 (edited by Abigail Thernstrom & Stephan Thernstrom, Hoover Institution Press, 2002).
Test Suites: A Tool for Improving Student Articles, 52 Journal of Legal Education 440 (2002). Full Text
The Lost Maxims of Equity, 52 Journal of Legal Education 619 (2002). Text
Freedom of Speech, Religious Harassment Law, and Religious Accommodation Law, 33 Loyola Univ. of Chicago Law Journal 57 (2001). Full Text
Sovereign Immunity and Intellectual Property, 73 Southern California Law Review 1161 (2000). Full Text
Freedom of Speech, Cyberspace, Harassment Law, and the Clinton Administration, 63 Law and Contemporary Problems 299 (2000). PDF version | Full Text
Freedom of Speech and Information Privacy: The Troubling Implications of a Right to Stop Others from Speaking About You, 52 Stanford Law Review 1049 (2000). Full Text
Workplace Harassment and the First Amendment, in 1 Encyclopedia of the U.S. Constitution 2925 (edited by Leonard Levy & Kenneth Karst, Macmillan, 2000). (Debating Catherine A. McKinnon.)
Intellectual Property Law and the First Amendment, in Encyclopedia of the U.S. Constitution (edited by Leonard Levy & Kenneth Karst, Macmillan, 2000).
Freedom of Speech and Speech About Political Candidates: The Unintended Consequences of Three Proposals, 24 Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 47 (2000). Draft
Personalization and Privacy, 43(8) Communications of the ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) at 84 (Aug. 2000). Full Text
Duties to Rescue and the Anticooperative Effects of Law, 88 Georgetown Law Journal 105 (1999). Excerpted in Criminal Law: A Contemporary Approach: Cases, Statutes, and Problems (edited by Kate E. Bloch & Kevin C. McMunigal) 191-92 (2005). Full Text
Intermediate Questions of Religious Exemptions — A Research Agenda With Test Suites, 21 Cardozo Law Review 595 (1999). Full Text
Equal Treatment Is Not Establishment, 13 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy 341 (1999). Full Text
A Common-Law Model for Religious Exemptions, 46 UCLA Law Review 1465 (1999). Excerpted The First Amendment: The Free Exercise of Religion Clause 232 (Thomas C. Berg ed. 2009). Full Text
Freedom of Speech and Injunctions in Intellectual Property Cases (with Mark Lemley), 48 Duke Law Journal 147 (1998). Full Text
The Amazing Vanishing Second Amendment, 73 NYU Law Review 831 (1998). Full Text
The Commonplace Second Amendment, 73 NYU Law Review 793 (1998). Full Text
A Practitioner's Guide to the First Amendment Defense in Hostile Environment Harassment Cases (with Ann Swarzburg Wexler), 12(3) California Labor & Employment Law Quarterly 20 (1998). Full Text
The Second Amendment as a Teaching Tool in Constitutional Law Classes (with Bob Cottrol, Sandy Levinson, Scot Powe, and Glenn Harlan Reynolds), 48 Journal of Legal Education 591 (1998). Full Text
Writing a Student Article, 48 Journal of Legal Education 247 (1998). Reprinted in part in Law School and Beyond: the IHS Guide to Careers in Legal Academia 13-20, 30 (1999). Article Link
Freedom of Speech and Independent Judgment Review in Copyright Cases (with Brett McDonnell), 107 Yale Law Journal 2431 (1998). Full Text
The California Civil Rights Initiative: An Interpretive Guide, 44 UCLA Law Review 1335 (1997). Full Text
What Speech Does "Hostile Work Environment" Harassment Law Restrict?, 85 Georgetown Law Journal 627 (1997). Excerpted in Women's Freedom Network, Rethinking Sexual Harassment pp. 18-23 (Cathy Young ed. 1988) and Ethical Theory and Business (Tom L. Beauchamp & Norman E. Bowie eds. 2003). Full Text
Freedom of Speech, Shielding Children, and Transcending Balancing, 1997 Supreme Court Review 141 (1997). Full Text
Thinking Ahead About Freedom of Speech and "Hostile Work Environment" Harassment, 17 Berkeley Journal Employment & Labor Law 305 (1996).
Freedom of Speech and Appellate Review in Workplace Harassment Cases, 90 Northwestern University of Law Review 1009 (1996). Full Text
Diversity, Race as Proxy, and Religion as Proxy, 43 UCLA Law Review 2059 (1996). Full Text
Computer Media for the Legal Profession, 94 Michigan Law Review 2058 (1996).
Freedom of Speech, Permissible Tailoring and Transcending Strict Scrutiny, 144 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 2417 (1996). Full Text
Freedom of Speech in Cyberspace from the Listener's Perspective, 1996 University of Chicago Legal Forum 377 (1996). Full Text
Reply to Brian Winston, Rob Kling, C. Edwin Baker, and Carolyn Marvin, 1 The Communications Review 337 (1996).
Freedom of Speech and the Constitutional Tension Method, 3 University of Chicago Roundtable 223 (1996). Full Text
The Dangerous Drift of "Harassment", in From Data to Public Policy: Affirmative Action, Sexual Harassment, Domestic Violence and Social Welfare (edited by Rita J. Simon, University Press of America, 1996).
How Harassment Law Restricts Free Speech, 47 Rutgers Law Journal 561 (1995). (Replying to Suzanne Sangree's response to my Freedom of Speech and Workplace Harassment.)
Cheap Speech and What It Will Do, 104 Yale Law Journal 1805 (1995). Reprinted in First Amendment Law Handbook, 1996-97, p.53 (Swanson ed.). Revised and reprinted in 1 The Communications Review 261 (1996). Full Text
Technology and the Future of Law, 47 Stanford Law Review 1375 (1995). Book review of Ethan Katsh's Law in a Digital World.
A Penumbra Too Far (with Judge Alex Kozinski), 106 Harvard Law Review 1639 (1993).
Lawsuit, Shmawsuit (with Judge Alex Kozinski), 103 Yale Law Journal 463 (1993). Reprinted in Annals of Improbable Research, p. 6 (Sept./Oct. 1996) (with Judge Alex Kozinski), and featured in David A. Kaplan, Shnook & Shnook, Newsweek, Dec. 13, 1993, at 73. Full Text
Freedom of Speech and Workplace Harassment, 39 UCLA Law Review 1791 (1992). Excerpted in Judi Greenberg, Dorothy Roberts & Martha Minow, Women and the Law Casebook pp. 287-95 (2nd ed. 1998); Women and Work pp. 33-45 (Greenberg, Roberts & Frug eds. Supp. 1997); Marcia Canavan, Woman’s Law pp. 397-405 (2000); and Paul E. Weizer, Sexual Harassment: Cases, Case Studies & Commentary 189-211 (2002).
Blogs, Op-Eds, and Miscellany
The Numbers of the Constitution, 2 Green Bag 2d 361 (2010). Full Text
No 'Heckler's Veto', N.Y. Times Room for Debate Blog (Sept. 10, 2010). Full Text
On Free Association, the Court Makes the Right Call, N.Y. Daily News Online (June 29, 2010). Full Text
What Kagan Will Bring to the Court, N.Y. Times Room for Debate blog (May 10, 2010). Full Text
An End to Gun Bans, N.Y. Times Room for Debate Blog (March 2, 2010). Full Text
How Corporate Money Will Reshape Politics, N.Y. Times Room for Debate Blog (Jan. 21, 2010). Full Text
Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Courts and Competition Policy Hearing on Examining the State of Judicial Recusals After Caperton v. A.T. Massey Coal Co. (Dec. 10, 2009).
Ted Olson's Supreme Court Adventure, N.Y. Times Room for Debate blog (Aug. 18, 2009). Full Text
Flag Burning and Free Speech, Wall St. Journal (July 3, 2009). Full Text
Testimony Regarding Freedom of Speech and Ratings Agencies, U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Insurance, and Government Sponsored Enterprises, May 15, 2009.
Questions of Justice, N.Y. Times (Jan. 14, 2009). Full Text
Talula Does the Hula from Hawaii, Slate Magazine Reprinted in Philadelphia Daily News, July 31, 2008. Full Text
President Spock, OpinionJournal Federation (Oct. 10, 2007).
Doubting Thomas, OpinionJournal.com (Federation) (Sept. 27, 2007).
Under the Veil: Religious Exemption and Muslims, National Review Online (June 22, 2007). Full Text
Is Anti-Semitism Good for Jews?, OpinionJournal.com Federation (June 6, 2007).
A Gag Order on Parents?, L.A. Times at 17 (Feb. 6, 2007). Reprinted in Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Feb. 9, 2007; St. Petersburg Times, Feb. 10, 2007; Newsday, Feb. 12, 2007, at A37; Newark Star-Ledger, Feb. 12, 2007, at 17; Korea Herald, Feb. 2007; The Peninsula (Qatar), Feb. 2007. Full Text
The Lonely Optician, OpinionJournal.com (Federation) (Jan. 24, 2007).
Plagiarism and 'Atonement', Wall St. Journal at A18 (Dec. 12, 2006). Full Text
Oh Say, Can You Swear on a Koran?, National Review Online (Nov. 29, 2006). Full Text
Oh Say, Can You Swear on a Koran?, National Review Online (Nov. 29, 2006).
What's Wrong with Slate, and Three Ways To Fix It, Slate Magazine (June 19, 2006). Full Text
Burying Funeral Protests, National Review Online (Mar. 23, 2006).
Who Doesn’t Have a Nobel Prize Nomination?, L.A. Times at M1 (Dec. 4, 2005). Reprinted in Chicago Tribune at C27 (Dec. 7, 2005). Full Text
Free Speech Libertarian: Judge Alito Has an Expansive View of the First Amendment, Wall St. Journal (Nov. 13, 2005).
Forget Free Speech? (debate with Geoffrey Stone), Legal Affairs (Mar. 21-25, 2005). Full Text
Fresh Produce in the Marketplace of Ideas, New Orleans Times-Picayune (March 3, 2005). Full Text
Underfire: Dismissing Controversial Professor Would Set a Frightening Precedent, Rocky Mountain News (Feb. 5, 2005). Full Text
You Can Blog But You Can't Hide, N.Y. Times (Dec. 2004). Reprinted in L.A. Daily News, Dec. 3, 2004, p. N17, and Lanahan Readings in Media and Politics 159 (Lewis S. Ringel ed., 2009). Full Text
Sometimes, the Politically Correct Really Are Correct, GlennReynolds.com (Sept. 22, 2004). Full Text
Liberals and Moral Relativism, msnbc.com (glennreynolds.com) (Sept. 20, 2004). Full Text
Porn Free, Wall St. Journal (June 30, 2004).
Victims’ Rights, States Rights, Orange County Register (April 22, 2004).
Obscenity Crackdown—What Will the Next Step Be?, Cato TechKnowledge (April 12, 2004). Full Text
Congress Has Every Right to Judge the Judges, L.A. Times (Feb. 8, 2004). Full Text
Written Testimony Regarding Proposed Religious Land Use Statute (AB 600), California Assembly Committee on Local Government, Jan. 13, 2004. Full Text
Crime and Punishment, msnbc.com (glennreynolds.com) (July 3, 2003). Full Text
Cheney's Supposed Lie, National Review Online (June 30, 2003).
And the Survey Says . . ., msnbc.com (glennreynolds.com) (June 27, 2003). Full Text
Nike and the Free-Speech Knot, Wall St. Journal at A16 (June 25, 2003). Full Text
Judging Clarence Thomas, msnbc.com (Glennreynolds.com) (June 27, 2003). Full Text
Club Codes: The Slippery Slope Hits the Local Elks, National Review Online (June 25, 2003).
Domestic Disputes: Bad Social Science and Bad Legal Policy, National Review Online (June 17, 2003).
This Old Church, Wall St. Journal (June 10, 2003).
Does Pfc. Jessica Lynch Own the Movie Rights to Her Life?, Slate Magazine (April 14, 2003).
Burning to Say Something, Wall St. Journal at A12 (April 9, 2003). Full Text
In Defense of the Slippery Slope (with David Newman), Legal Affairs at 21 (March/April 2003). Full Text
Forgive and Forget Sex Offenders? Not a Chance, L.A. Times at B15 (March 7, 2003). Newsday (March 18, 2003) at A36. Houston Chronicle (March 17, 2003). Tulsa World (March 16, 2003) at G3. Full Text
Eenie, Meenie, Minie . . . Lawsuit, UCLA Today (Feb. 25, 2003).
Capital Complications, National Review Online (Feb. 24, 2003).
The Right to Oppose, National Review Online (Feb. 7, 2003).
Unprecedented Logic: Why Slippery-slope Arguments Against Invading Iraq Don’t Hold Water, Slate Magazine (Jan. 18, 2003).
First Myths, National Review Online (Jan. 5, 2003).
Who's Right on Second?, National Review Online (Dec. 6, 2002).
The Future of Internet Speech, techcentralstation.com (Dec. 5, 2002).
Campus Military Perspective, National Review Online (Dec. 5, 2002).
Coding Campus, National Review Online (Nov. 21, 2002).
Some Say Deterrence Is Enough . . . But Two Can Play at the Deterrence Game, National Review Online (Sept. 27, 2002).
City Council Should Not Deny Non-Citizens Rights, Omaha World-Herald (Sept. 21, 2002). Full Text
Courage: America, the Great Unknown, National Review Online (July 3, 2002).
Shift Shows: Conservatives and Liberals Show Their New True Colors in Republican Party v. White, National Review Online (June 28, 2002).
The Fourth Amendment Meets the War on Terror, Slate Magazine (June 17, 2002).
Where Obscenity Meets Speech, techcentralstation.com (June 6, 2002).
Deciding Who Owns 'Right to Bear Arms', San Jose Mercury News (May 19, 2002). Full Text
The Radical Amendment, Wall St. Journal at A10 (May 10, 2002). Reprinted in abridged form in UCLA Today, May 21, 2002, at 7. Full Text
"Worse Than Internet Addiction", TechCentralStation.com (April 10, 2002). Article
Big Brother Is Watching -- Be Grateful!, Wall St. Journal at A22 (March 26, 2002). Reprinted with some changes as The Benefits of Surveillance, The Responsive Community, Fall 2002, at 9. Full Text
Review coordinator, National Academy of Sciences Computer Science and Telecommunications Board Report, Youth, Pornography, and the Internet: Can We Provide Sound Choices in a Safe Environment (2002).
How Might Cyberspace Change American Politics?, 34 Loyola Los Angeles Law Review 1213 (2001). Full Text
How the Justices Voted in Free Speech Cases, 1994-2000, 48 UCLA Law Review 1191 (2001). Full Text
Can John Walker Be Stripped of His U.S. Citizenship?, Slate Magazine (Dec. 17, 2001).
Dialogue—Civil Liberties in Wartime, Slate Magazine (Sept. 17, 2001).
The U.S. Constitution Says We All Have to Live With Being Offended (criticism of the proposed flag burning amendment), L.A. Times (July 18, 2001). Reprinted in Milwaukee Journal & Sentinel, July 23, 2001, at 7A, Virginian Pilot, July 23, 2001, Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, July 25, 2001, at 25A, and Moscow Times, July 25, 2001, at 7. Full Text
Squeamish Librarians, reason.com (June 4, 2001). Full Text
Our Flaw? We're Just Not Liberals, Washington Post at B3 (June 3, 2001). Full Text
Picking the Contenders, msnbc.com (June 1, 2001). Full Text
Regulating Reporters' Revelations, L.A. Daily Journal at 6 (April 3, 2001). Full Text
Free Speech Is Nothing to Fear, Wall St. Journal A24 (April 3, 2001). Full Text
Personalization and Privacy, 43(8) Communications of the ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) 84 (August 2000). Reprinted in Competitive Enterprise Institute, The Future of Financial Privacy, ch. 10 (2000). Full Text
When the Justices are Unpredictable, N.Y. Times at A27 (Oct. 30 2000). Full Text
Paper Books? They're So 20th Century, Wall St. Journal (May 30, 2000). Full Text
A Hostile Environment for Free Speech, printed under various titles in Atlanta Journal-Constitution and Albany Times Union, Apr. 12, 2000, Las Vegas Review-Journal, Apr. 13, 2000, Montgomery Advertiser, Apr. 15, 2000, Charleston Gazette & Daily Mail, Apr. 16, 2000, Washington Times, May 11, 2000, and eight other newspapers. Full Text
Taxation Isn't Censorship, Wall St. Journal at A22 (March 23, 2000). Full Text
Written Testimony Regarding Freedom of Speech and Information Privacy, U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Commerce, Trade, and Consumer Protection, Mar. 1, 2000.
Loaded Guns Can Be Good for Kids (with David Kopel), Cato Commentary (June 1, 1999). Reprinted in conservativenews.com, May 27, 1999. Full Text
Guns and the Constitution, Wall St. Journal at A23 (April 12, 1999). Reprinted in Sacramento Bee at B7 (April 28, 1999). Full Text
Is Criticizing Affirmative Action Illegal in Chicago?, Jewish World Review (Aug. 30, 1999).
Hum a Few Bar Exam, 2 Green Bag 2e 125 (1998). Text
Vouchers Mean Equality, not Preference or Discrimination, N.J. Jewish News (Nov. 19, 1998).
Racial Politics at the Supreme Court, Wall St. Journal at A19 (Oct. 13, 1998). Reprinted in L.A. Daily Journal, Oct. 28, 1998, and Harvard Law Record, Oct. 23, 1998. Full Text
Testimony of Eugene Volokh on the Second Amendment, Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution, Sept. 23, 1998, reprinted as "A Right of the People," California Political Review 23 (Nov./Dec. 1998). Full Text
Equal Treatment: How Best to Separate Church and State, L.A. Daily News (July 20, 1998). Also published in the Fresno Bee, July 20, 1998; the Orange County Register, the Las Vegas Review Journal, the St. Petersburg Times, the Vancouver (Wash.) Columbian, and the Champaign (Ill.) News-Gazette, July 19, 1998; and Intellectual Capital, April/May 1998, p. 8. Full Text
Vouched For, The New Republic at 12 (July 6, 1998). Reprinted in the Sacramento Bee, July 5, 1998, p. F03 and in Marshall Journal Breger & David M. Gordis (eds.), Vouchers for School Choice: Challenge or Opportunity?-An American Jewish Reappraisal 121-25 (1998). Full Text
How Free Is Speech When the Government Pays?, Wall St. Journal at A18 (June 29, 1998).
Making Hay With Shifty Labels, L.A. Times at B9 (April 9, 1998). Excerpted in Washington Times, Apr. 10, 1998, p. A6. Full Text
Was Wright Wrong? Who Knows?, Wall Street Journal at A18 (April 3, 1998). Full Text
Suing the Wrong Party, Wall St. Journal (Jan. 16, 1998). Full Text
There Are Some Things We Just Need to Know, Topeka Capital-Journal at 5A (Dec. 21, 1997). Full Text
Written Testimony Regarding the Constitutionality of Federal Transportation Contract Set-Asides, Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution, Federalism, and Property Rights, Oct. 1, 1997
Dialogue — Free Speech vs. Workplace Harassment, Slate Magazine (Sept. 17, 1997).
Facts Debunk Internet Myth, Lima (Ohio) News (Aug. 27, 1997).
A National Speech Code from the EEOC, Washington Post at A23 (Aug. 22, 1997). Reprinted as Bureaucrats Trying to Halt Free Speech at Workplace Door, Rocky Mountain News (Denver), Aug. 31, 1997, p. 4B; and as A National Speech Code Courtesy of the EEOC, Chicago Tribune, Sept. 14, 1997, p. 21. Full Text
Megan's Law: Society Is Entitled to Protect Itself from Predators, Lima (Ohio) News (July 19, 1997).
Rights Trampled in Workplace, Montgomery Advertiser (July 4, 1997). Adapted into editorial in Daily Oklahoman, Aug. 6, 1997, p. 4.
Finally, Equality for Religious Schools, Cleveland Plain-Dealer (June 30, 1997). Full Text
Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right, Jewish Journal (Los Angeles) 12 (Oct. 25-31 1996). Reprinted in the Jewish Voice (Sacramento), Nov. 1996, p. 9; and the Jewish Bulletin (San Francisco), Oct. 25, 1996, p. 23.
Women Need Not Fear the Civil Rights Initiative (with Sally Pipes), L.A. Times at B9 (Jan. 24, 1996).
Speech and Spill-Over, Slate Magazine (July 18, 1996). Full Text
Chilled Prodigy, Reason Magazine p. 49 (Aug. 1995).
Harassment Law Flirts With Speech Suppression, Wall St. Journal at A19 (June 28, 1995).
If Everything Is Harassment, Then Nothing Is, Baltimore Sun at 19A (Jan. 12. 1995). Also printed in the L.A. Daily News and the Deseret News. Full Text
A More Conservative Supreme Court May Overturn the 1982 Decision That Guarantees Education to Illegal Alien Children, L.A. Daily News (Nov. 20, 1994). Viewpoint Section, p. 5.
Written Testimony Regarding the Constitutionality of the GATT Copyright Act of 1994, H.R. 4894 and S. 2368, House Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and Judicial Administration and Senate Subcommittee on Patents, Copyrights and Trademarks, Aug. 12, 1994.
The Love Charm, Legal Affairs at 47 (Sept./Oct. 2003). Full Text