Máximo Langer

Máximo Langer

Professor of Law
Director of the UCLA Transnational Program on Criminal Justice
Faculty Director of the UCLA Criminal Justice Program
LL.B. University of Buenos Aires Law School, 1995
S.J.D. Harvard, 2006
UCLA Faculty Since 2003


American Juvenile Justice and the Problem of Adversarial Power (with David S. Tanenhaus). Oxford Univ. Press (forthcoming 2021).
Prosecutors and Democracy: A Cross-National Study (edited by Máximo Langer & David Alan Sklansky). Cambridge University Press (2017).
Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective (edited by Máximo Langer, David S. Tanenhaus, Franklin E. Zimring). New York University Press (2015).
Crime, Procedure, and Evidence in a Comparative and International Context (edited by John Jackson, Maximo Langer and Peter Tillers). Hart Publishing (2008).

Articles and Chapters

Plea Bargaining, Trial-Avoiding Conviction Mechanisms and the Global Administratization of Criminal Convictions, 4 Annual Review of Criminology (forthcoming 2021). Full Text
The Quiet Expansion of Universal Jurisdiction (with Mackenzie Eason), 30 European Journal of International Law 779 (2019).
Quince Años Después: Traducciones Legales, Globalización del Plea Bargaining y Americanización del Proceso Penal, 21 Revista Discusiones 185 (2018). Full Text
Prosecutors and Democracy—Themes and Counterthemes (with David Alan Sklansky), in Prosecutors and Democracy: A Cross-National Study 300 (edited by Máximo Langer & David Alan Sklansky, Cambridge University Press, 2017). Full Text
Introduction (with David Alan Sklansky), in Prosecutors and Democracy: A Cross-National Study 1 (edited by Máximo Langer & David Alan Sklansky, Cambridge University Press, 2017).
In the Beginning Was Fortescue: On the Intellectual Origins of the Adversarial and Inquisitorial Systems, in Liber Amicorum for Mirjan Damaška 273 (Duncker & Humblot, 2016). Full Text. En el principio era Fortescue: Acerca de los orígines intelectuales de los sistemas acusatorio e inquisitivo, y de la contraposición entre derecho anglosajón y derecho continental europeo en el proceso penal comparado, 4 En Letra Derecho Penal 191 (2017).
Strength, Weakness or Both? On the Endurance of the Adversarial and Inquisitorial Systems in Comparative Criminal Procedure, in Research Handbook on Comparative Criminal Procedure 519 (edited by Jacqueline Ross & Stephen Thaman, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016). Full Text
Universal Jurisdiction is not Disappearing: The Shift from "Global Enforcer" to "No Safe Haven" Universal Jurisdiction, 13 Journal Of International Criminal Justice 245 (2015). Full Text
La jurisdicción universal no está desapareciendo: el giro desde una jurisdicción universal como “persecución global” hacia una jurisdicción universal como "ausencia de refugio seguro", En Letra. Derecho Penal 175 (2015). (Leandro A. Dias trans.) Full Text
One Theme or Many? The Search for a Deep Structure in Global Juvenile Justice (with Franklin E. Zimring), in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective 383-411 (edited by Máximo Langer, David S. Tanenhaus, Franklin E. Zimring, New York University Press, 2015). Full Text
Myths and Realities of Juvenile Justice in Latin America (with Mary Beloff), in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective 198-248 (edited by Máximo Langer, David S. Tanenhaus, Franklin E. Zimring, New York University Press, 2015). Full Text
Introduction (with Franklin E. Zimring & David S. Tanenhaus), in Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective 1-5 (edited by Máximo Langer, David S. Tanenhaus, Franklin E. Zimring, New York University Press, 2015).
The Archipelago and the Hub: The Universal Jurisdiction and the International Criminal Court Regimes, in The First Global Prosecutor: Promise and Constraints 204-250 (edited by Martha Minow, Cora True-Frost and Alex Whiting, Univ. of Michigan Press, 2015). Full Text
El Nuevo Código Procesal Penal Nacional Acusatorio: Aportes Empíricos para la Discusión en Base a la Experiencia en Provincia de Buenos Aires (with Marcelo Bergman), 2015 Revista de Derecho Procesal Penal 51 (2015).
Reforma a la Justicia Penal Juvenil y Adolescentes Privados de Libertad en Chile: Aportes Empíricos para el Debate (with Ricardo Lillo), 19 Política Criminal 713 (2015). Full Text
The Long Shadow of the Adversarial and Inquisitorial Categories, in The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law 887 (edited by Markus D. Dubber and Tatjana Höernle, Oxford University Press, 2014). Full Text
La portée des categories accusatoire et inquisitoire, 4 Revue de Sciences Criminelle et de Droit Penal Compare 707 (2014). (Amanda Cabrejo de Roux & Sabrina Delattre trans.)
La Larga Sombra de las Categorías Acusatorio e Inquisitivo, 32 Revista de Derecho Público de la Universidad de Los Andes 1 (2014). (Lucas Tassara trans.) Full Text; Republished in 1 Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal 11 (2015).
A Grande Sombra das Categorias Acusatório e Inquisitório, in Sistemas Processuais Penais 307 (edited by Ricardo Jacobsen Gloeckner, Empório do direito, 2016).
Country Report United States, in Rechtshilfrecht in Strafsachen (Mutual Assistance In Criminal Matters) 1328 (edited by Kai Ambos, Stefan König & Peter Rackow, Nomos, 2014).
Universal Jurisdiction as Janus-Faced: The Dual Nature of the German International Criminal Code, 11 Journal of International Criminal Justice 737 (2013). Full Text
Das Völkerstrafgesetzbuch und die Prinzipien der Beteiligung und Rechenschaft gegenüber der internationalen Gemeinschaft, in Zehn Jahre VStGB. Bilanz und Perspektiven eines "deutschen Völkerstrafrechts" 253-282 (edited by Florian Jessberger and Julia Geneuss; Julia Geneuss trans., Nomos Publishers, 2013).
Rights in the Criminal Process: A Case Study of Convergence and Disclosure Rights (with Kent Roach), in Handbook on Constitutional Law 273 (edited by Mark Tushnet, Thomas Fleiner and Cheryl Saunders, Routledge, 2013). Full Text
Direitos no processo penal: um estudo de caso sobre convergência e direitos de "disclosure” (with Kent Roach), 239 Revista brasileira de ciências criminais 273 (2015). (Rogério Fernando Taffarello trans.)
Managerial Judging Goes International but its Promise Remains Unfulfilled: An Empirical Assessment of the ITCY Reforms (with Joseph W. Doherty), 36 Yale Journal of International Law 241 (2011). Full Text
The Diplomacy of Universal Jurisdiction: The Political Branches and the Transnational Prosecution of International Crimes, 105 American Journal of International Law 1 (2011). Reprinted in IV International Criminal Law. Critical Concepts in Law (edited by Antonio Cassese, Florian Jeßberger, Robert Cryer & Urmila Dé, Routledge 2016). Full Text
La Diplomacia de la Jurisdicción Universal: Los Poderes Políticos y la Persecución de Crímenes Internacionales, 1 Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho International (Latin American International Law Journal) 1 (2014). (Translated by Manuel Ayarra y Francisco José Quintana.) Full Text
Trends and Tensions in International Criminal Procedure: A Symposium, 14 UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs 1 (2009).
Revolución en el Proceso Penal Latinoamericano: Difusión de Ideas Legales desde la Periferia, CEJA (2008). Reprinted in Revista de Derecho Procesal Penal-Numero Extraordinario. II El Proceso Penal Adversarial 53 (Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2009); in 4 Revista Derecho Penal Mínimo 23 (Federal District, Mexico, 2010); and in Sociología de la Justicia Penal (Ezequiel Kostenwein ed., Ediar, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2017). Full Text
Introduction (with John Jackson), in Crime, Procedure, and Evidence in a Comparative and International Context (edited by John Jackson, Maximo Langer and Peter Tillers, Hart Publishing, 2008).
Revolution in Latin American Criminal Procedure: Diffusion of Legal Ideas from the Periphery, 55 American Journal of Comparative Law 617 (2007). Translated to Chinese by Zhou Jing and Shi Pengpeng as [美]马克西姆•兰格著,施鹏鹏、周婧译:“拉丁美洲的刑事诉讼程序改革——源自边缘国家法律思想的传播”,载陈兴良主编,《刑事法评论》第30卷,北京:北京大学出版社,2012年版,第255页 (published in China’s 30 Criminal Law Review 255 (2012), Peking University Press). Full Text
Plea Bargaining, in Encyclopedia of Law and Society: American and Global Perspectives (edited by David S. Clark, Sage Publications, 2007).
Rethinking Plea Bargaining: The Practice and Reform of Prosecutorial Adjudication in American Criminal Procedure, 33 American Journal of Criminal Law 223 (2006). Full Text
The Rise of Managerial Judging in International Criminal Law, 53 American Journal of Comparative Law 835 (2005). Reprinted in International Criminal Justice 1 (edited by Ruth Wedgwood, The Hague Academy of International Law, forthcoming). Full Text
El Sistema del Tribunal Gerencial en el Tribunal Penal Internacional para la ex-Yugoslavia (The Managerial Judging System in the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia), in Estudios sobre la Justicia Penal: Homenaje al Prof. Julio B.J. Maier (edited by David Baigun, et al., Del Puerto, 2005).
From Legal Transplants to Legal Translations: The Globalization of Plea Bargaining and the Americanization Thesis in Criminal Procedure, 45 Harvard International Law Journal 1-64 (2004). Full Text |Translated to Chinese by Cheng Lei as 从法律移植到法律翻译:辩诉交易的全球化和刑事诉讼的美国化 China Procuratorate Press (June 2005). English version reprinted in World Plea Bargaining: Consensual Procedures and the Avoidance of the Full Criminal Trial (edited by Stephen Thaman, 2010); and in Classics in Comparative Law (edited by Francesco Parisi, Tom Ginsburg & Pier Giuseppe Monateri, 2014). Translated to Portuguese by Ricardo Jacobsen Gloeckner as Dos Transplantes Jurídicos às Traduções Jurídicas: a Globalizaçõa do Plea Bargaining e a Tese da Americanizaçõo do Processo Penal, 2 Delictae (2017), available here. Translated to Spanish by Lucas Tassara as De los transplantes legales a las traducciones legal: la globalización del plea bargaining y la tesis de la “americanización” en el proceso panel, 21 Discusiones 25 (2018) (with a special symposium on the article).
La Dicotomía Acusatorio Inquisitivo y la Importatión de Mecanismos Procesales de la Tradición Jurídica Anglo-Sajona [The Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy and the Importation of Procedural Mechanisms from the Common Law Tradition], (edited by Julio Maier and Alberto Bovino). Procedimiento Abreviado [Plea Bargaining] Del Puerto 97-134 (2001). Reprinted in Las Garantías Penales Y Procesales Penales. Enfoque Histórico-Comparado [ Criminal Law And Criminal Procedure Protections. Historical And Comparative Perspectives] 239 (edited by Edmundo S. Hendler, 2001).  Article Link
El Principio In Dubio Pro Reo y su Control en Casación [The Beyond a Reasonable Doubt Standard and its Control by the Court of Appeals], 1998A Nueva Doctrina Penal 215 (1998-2001).
Acusación y Sentencia [Indictment and Sentence] (with Julio Maier), 1996B Nueva Doctrina Penal 617 (1996).
La Requisa Personal en la Jurisprudencia de la Cámara National de Casación Penal [Personal Searches in the Precedents of the Argentine Court of Appeals], 1996A Nueva Doctrina Penal 229 (1996).
Bosquejo para una Historia de la Historia [Sketch for a History of History] (with Hernán Charosky), 8 No Hay Derecho 16 (1992).
Crítica Destructiva. Por un Nihilismo Criminológico (with Hernán Charosky), 7 No Hay Derecho 32 (1992).


¿A quién y cómo se juzga en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires? (2017) (Who and How Are Cases Adjudicated in the City of Buenos Aires?) (with Marcelo Bergman and Gustavo Fondevila), available at http://celiv.untref.edu.ar/descargas/00-Informe_CELIV_2017_web.pdf
¿Cómo se juzga en el Estado de México? Una Radiografía de la operación del sistema de justicia penal acusatorio, (2016). (How Are Cases Adjudicated in the State of Mexico? An X-Ray of the Operation of the Adversarial Criminal Justice System, with Gustavo Fondevila, Marcelo Bergman, Carlos Vilalta y Alberto Mejia). UCLA School of Law, Transnational Program on Criminal Justice.


Entrevista a Máximo Langer por Diego Zysman Quirós, 6 Enfoques Penales (May 2018). Available here.
Forward, in VictimsRights in Flux: Criminal Justice Reform in Colombia by Astrid Liliana Sánchez-Mejia, pp. vii-ix (2017).
La justicia penal que tenemos: una radiografía (with Marcelo Bergman), Clarín (June 19, 2017).
Entrevista a Máximo Langer: Pasado, Presente y Futuro del Derecho Penal Internacional (Interview of Máximo Langer: Past, Present and Future of International Criminal Law), in 4 Latin American Journal of International Law (2016). Full Text
Interview of Mirjan Damaška, in Crime, Procedure, and Evidence in a Comparative and International Context (edited by John Jackson, Maximo Langer and Peter Tillers, Hart Publishing, 2008).
Experiencias Comparadas II [Comparative Experiences II], in Memorias. Foro Nacional “Reforma a las Funciones Judicial de la Fiscalía General de la Nación”, (May, 2001). Printed version of the lecture given in the Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Colombia
Seguridad Ciudadana y Policía [Public Safety and the Police], 10 No Hay Derecho 12 (1993).
Dependencia Política del Poder Judicial. Una Consecuencia de la Constitución [Political Dependence of the Judiciary: A Consequence of the Argentinean Constitution], en Sentencia # 11 (1993).
La Oscuridad de un Decreto a la Luz de la Constitución [The Darkness of a Decree under Constitutional Light] (with Carolina Fernández Blanco), 1 Revista Jurídica Del Centro De Estudiantes De La Facultad De Derecho Y Ciencias Sociales 16 (1992).
Todo un ex-ministro. Reportaje a León Arslanián [A True Former Secretary. Interview of León Arslanián] (with Martín Abregú), 8 No Hay Derecho 6 (1992).
¿Original o Fotocopia? Estudiantes y Política [Original or Copy? Students and Politics] (with Hernán Charosky and Guillermo Jorge), 5 No Hay Derecho (1991).